GitLab CI/CD (FREE)

GitLab CI/CD is a tool for software development using the continuous methodologies:

NOTE: Out-of-the-box management systems can decrease hours spent on maintaining toolchains by 10% or more. Watch our "Mastering continuous software development" webcast to learn about continuous methods and how GitLab CI/CD can help you simplify and scale software development.

Use GitLab CI/CD to catch bugs and errors early in the development cycle. Ensure that all the code deployed to production complies with the code standards you established for your app.

GitLab CI/CD can automatically build, test, deploy, and monitor your applications by using Auto DevOps.

For a complete overview of these methodologies and GitLab CI/CD, read the Introduction to CI/CD with GitLab.

Video demonstration of continuous integration with GitLab CI/CD: Continuous Integration with GitLab (overview demo).

GitLab CI/CD concepts

GitLab CI/CD uses a number of concepts to describe and run your build and deploy.

Concept Description
Pipelines Structure your CI/CD process through pipelines.
CI/CD variables Reuse values based on a variable/value key pair.
Environments Deploy your application to different environments (for example, staging, production).
Job artifacts Output, use, and reuse job artifacts.
Cache dependencies Cache your dependencies for a faster execution.
GitLab Runner Configure your own runners to execute your scripts.
Pipeline efficiency Configure your pipelines to run quickly and efficiently.
Test cases Create testing scenarios.

GitLab CI/CD configuration

GitLab CI/CD supports numerous configuration options:

Configuration Description
Schedule pipelines Schedule pipelines to run as often as you need.
Custom path for .gitlab-ci.yml Define a custom path for the CI/CD configuration file.
Git submodules for CI/CD Configure jobs for using Git submodules.
SSH keys for CI/CD Using SSH keys in your CI pipelines.
Pipeline triggers Trigger pipelines through the API.
Pipelines for Merge Requests Design a pipeline structure for running a pipeline in merge requests.
Integrate with Kubernetes clusters Connect your project to Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE) or an existing Kubernetes cluster.
Optimize GitLab and GitLab Runner for large repositories Recommended strategies for handling large repositories.
.gitlab-ci.yml full reference All the attributes you can use with GitLab CI/CD.

Certain operations can only be performed according to the user and job permissions.

GitLab CI/CD features

GitLab CI/CD features, grouped by DevOps stage, include:

Feature Description
Configure
Auto DevOps Set up your app's entire lifecycle.
ChatOps Trigger CI jobs from chat, with results sent back to the channel.
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Verify
Browser Performance Testing Quickly determine the browser performance impact of pending code changes.
Load Performance Testing Quickly determine the server performance impact of pending code changes.
CI services Link Docker containers with your base image.
Code Quality Analyze your source code quality.
GitLab CI/CD for external repositories (PREMIUM) Get the benefits of GitLab CI/CD combined with repositories in GitHub and Bitbucket Cloud.
Interactive Web Terminals (FREE SELF) Open an interactive web terminal to debug the running jobs.
Unit test reports Identify script failures directly on merge requests.
Using Docker images Use GitLab and GitLab Runner with Docker to build and test applications.
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Release
Auto Deploy Deploy your application to a production environment in a Kubernetes cluster.
Building Docker images Maintain Docker-based projects using GitLab CI/CD.
Canary Deployments Ship features to only a portion of your pods and let a percentage of your user base to visit the temporarily deployed feature.
Deploy boards Check the current health and status of each CI/CD environment running on Kubernetes.
Feature Flags Deploy your features behind Feature Flags.
GitLab Pages Deploy static websites.
GitLab Releases Add release notes to Git tags.
Review Apps Configure GitLab CI/CD to preview code changes.
Cloud deployment Deploy your application to a main cloud provider.
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Secure
Container Scanning (ULTIMATE) Check your Docker containers for known vulnerabilities.
Dependency Scanning (ULTIMATE) Analyze your dependencies for known vulnerabilities.
License Compliance (ULTIMATE) Search your project dependencies for their licenses.
Security Test reports (ULTIMATE) Check for app vulnerabilities.

GitLab CI/CD examples

See the CI/CD examples page for example project code and tutorials for using GitLab CI/CD with various:

  • App frameworks
  • Languages
  • Platforms

GitLab CI/CD Administration

You can change the default behavior of GitLab CI/CD for:

See also:

References

Learn more about GitLab CI/CD:

See also the Why CI/CD? presentation.

Major version changes (breaking)

As GitLab CI/CD has evolved, certain breaking changes have been necessary.

13.0

12.0

11.0

  • No breaking changes.

10.0

  • No breaking changes.