Command Line basic commands
Start working on your project
In Git, when you copy a project you say you "clone" it. To work on a git project locally (from your own computer), you will need to clone it. To do this, sign in to GitLab.
When you are on your Dashboard, click on the project that you'd like to clone. To work in the project, you can copy a link to the Git repository through a SSH or a HTTPS protocol. SSH is easier to use after it's been set up. While you are at the Project tab, select HTTPS or SSH from the dropdown menu and copy the link using the Copy URL to clipboard button (you'll have to paste it on your shell in the next step).
Working with project files on the command line
This section has examples of some basic shell commands that you might find useful. For more information, search the web for bash commands.
Alternatively, you can edit files using your choice of editor (IDE) or the GitLab user interface.
Clone your project
Go to your computer's shell and type the following command with your SSH or HTTPS URL:
git clone PASTE HTTPS OR SSH HERE
A clone of the project will be created in your computer.
NOTE: Note: If you clone your project via a URL that contains special characters, make sure that characters are URL-encoded.
Go into a project directory to work in it
Go back one directory
List what’s in the current directory
List what’s in the current directory that starts with
List what’s in the current directory that ends with
Create a new directory
Create a README.md file in the current directory
touch README.md nano README.md #### ADD YOUR INFORMATION #### Press: control + X #### Type: Y #### Press: enter
Show the contents of the README.md file
Remove a file
DANGER: Danger: This will permanently delete the file.
Remove a directory and all of its contents
DANGER: Danger: This will permanently delete the directory and all of its contents.
rm -r NAME-OF-DIRECTORY
View command history
Execute command 123 from history
Carry out commands for which the account you are using lacks authority
You will be asked for an administrator’s password.
Be careful of the commands you run with
sudo. Certain commands may cause
damage to your data and system.
Show which directory I am in
Clear the shell window
Sample Git taskflow
If you are completely new to Git, looking through some sample taskflows will help you understand best practices for using these commands as you work.